|FECHA DE PUBLICACIÓN||none|
|AUTEUR||Newton, P. - O'Brien, M. - Shufflebarger, H. - Betz, R. - Dickson, R. - Harms, J.|
|TAMAÑO DEL ARCHIVO:||1,85 MB MB|
Types of scoliosis. Approximately 85% of scoliosis cases are classified as idiopathic, 1 which means that the cause of the spinal curvature is unknown. In cases of congenital scoliosis, the spinal curvature is a structural abnormality that is present at birth. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common spinal deformity in the world. Like other forms of scoliosis, idiopathic scoliosis affects the curvature of the spine. The condition usually occurs in adolescents 10 to 18 years of age, and is more likely to progress in girls. Scoliosis refers to curves exceeding 10 degrees observed through posterioanterior direct radiography. In fact, the diagnosis for idiopathic scoliosis is accepted to exclude already available causes. The aim of this paper was to review the etiopathogenesis, classification systems and the treatment management of idiopathic scoliosis. Idiopathic scoliosis is one of three different types of scoliosis that cause the spine to develop an abnormal curve. “Idiopathic” means there is no definite cause. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis. It tends to run in families and affects girls eight times as often as it affects boys. · Idiopathic scoliosis is a deformity of the spine characterized by lateral deflection and rotation of the vertebral bodies. The disease typically presents in patients 10–12 years of age and is seen more commonly in girls. · Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that appears in late childhood or adolescence. Instead of growing straight, the spine develops a side-to-side curvature, usually in an elongated "S" or "C" shape; the bones of the spine are also slightly twisted or rotated. Scoliosis is a condition that causes the spine to curve sideways. There are several different types of scoliosis that affect children and adolescents. By far, the most common type is "idiopathic," which means the exact cause is not known. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown. BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is a three-dimensional deviation of the spinal axis. The main diagnostic criterion is spinal curvature exceeding 10 on a plain anteroposterior X-ray image. Scoliosis is called idiopathic when no other underlying disease can be identified. Idiopathic scoliosis curves vary in size, and mild curves are more common than larger curves. If a child is still growing, a scoliosis curve can worsen rapidly during a growth spurt. Although it can develop in toddlers and young children, idiopathic scoliosis most often begins during puberty. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis (a condition where the spine curves sideways).Approximately 8 out of 10 cases of scoliosis are classed as 'idiopathic', meaning that there is no known cause for the patient's spinal curvature. /8/19 · Researchers have designed a new X-ray classification system for adult idiopathic scoliosis that can more precisely define which parts of the spine need correction, an achievement that could.